Danger does not come anywhere. You will not always have a doctor at hand. You may or may not have to do some of the necessary work, which can save you much time.
Life can be saved. Or you can handle small problems. There are many reasons why you or anyone in your family may have high or low blood pressure. His life can be saved if you can measure the instantaneous pressure
Moreover, high blood pressure is a silent killer. By regularly checking our blood pressure, we can detect it in advance or prevent high blood pressure complications. Today we will learn how to measure pressure.
An essential part of diagnosing blood pressure is the blood pressure instrument or (BP machine). In English, it is called a sphygmomanometer. This blood pressure measuring device is available in most drug stores. A stethoscope without a blood pressure monitor is needed to measure blood pressure. Many also use digital devices. However, digital devices’ cost is high, and if not used properly, readings can be averaged.
A person’s blood pressure changes every moment. Breathing, emotional turmoil, exercise, cigarettes, alcohol, warmth, food-chess all cause blood pressure fluctuations. That’s why one should be normal before measuring one’s blood pressure.
To measure blood pressure, the lower end of the cuff of the blood pressure measuring instrument should be held tightly 2.5 cm above the front fold of the elbow. The stethoscope’s diaphragm is placed on the brachial artery with the hand in front of the elbow. The diaphragm should be pressed so that there is no gap between the diaphragm and the skin. The stethoscope should not be placed on a cloth or cuff while measuring pressure. The blood pressure monitor should be on the same floor as the heart. The radial artery is then felt, and the pressure of the pressing device is gradually increased. After the radial pulse stops, the pressure is raised to 30 mm Hg. Then the pressure is gradually reduced. The pressure is usually reduced by 2 mm per bit. Reducing stress too early can lead to mistakes. This time, the brachial artery’s sound is listened to attentively with a stethoscope while reducing the pressure. When the pressure starts to decrease, a kind of noise is created due to blood circulation. This is called Korotkoff sound. The word kartakoff changes step by step. There are five stages according to the type of this word:
Stage-1 At first, a kind of sharp sound is created. It indicates systolic blood pressure.
Stage-2 High swelling sound.
Stage-3 Slight jingling sound with low clear sound.
In stage 4, the muffling of the sound decreases.
At stage-5, the sound of the cortex stops.
Systolic blood pressure is the sound that is heard in the first stage of the word kartakf. Although there is agreement on systolic blood pressure, there is disagreement on diastolic blood pressure. Some say diastolic blood pressure is the fourth step where muffling occurs. According to many, stage-5 is the pressure at which the sound stops is the diastolic blood pressure. Nowadays, however, most experts take the last measure as diastolic blood pressure. When the word starts, it is systolic, and when the word ends, it is diastolic.
Stage of blood pressure – systolic blood pressure / diastolic blood pressure
(Mr. Mercury Pressure)
Types of blood pressure-
Normal <120 and <60 (mm Hg)
Pre-hypertension 120-139 or 60-69 (Mercury Mercury)
Hypertension (Phase-I) 140-159 or 90-99 (Mercury Mercury)
Hypertension (Phase-II)> 180 or> 100 (Mercury Mercury)
If the levels of systolic and diastolic blood pressure are different, the highest level should be considered. For example, if one’s blood pressure is 180/95 mm Hg, he should be counted as stage-2 and treated accordingly. Regardless of blood pressure, treatment may need to be started ahead of schedule, depending on the heart’s condition or other target organs. Blood pressure varies with age.
Thanks. Now you measure your own blood pressure at home.